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Carpathian Ecoregion Initiative. WWF is the world's largest and most experienced
independent conservation organisation.
Carpathian Ecoregion Initiative is a unique international partnership achieving
conservation of nature in the globally important Carpathian mountains and, at
the same time, supporting local economy and culture for the lasting benefit of
people living in the heart of Europe. Facilitated by WWF, more than 50
organisations from seven countries are working together to make this vision
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TOURISM ATTRACTION OF THE CARPATHIAN BIOSPHERE RESERVE
The Carpathian biosphere reserve possesses great tourism-recreational potential. This is stipulated by the existence on its territory of the considerable number of natural phenomena, and great representation of cultural and historical heritage.
Each of the massifs, which form a part of the CBR, is distinguished by its typical, unique natural objects. The visiting card of Chornohirskyi massif is the highest summit of Ukraine – Hoverla Mountain (2061 m a.s.l.) This summit is a worship for the population of Ukraine, an original Ukrainian Fujiyama, which attracts thousands of tourists. Close by, rise above the other Carpathian summits, which are more than 2000m height – Petros, Rebra, Brebeneskyl and others. The relief of the upland Chornohirskyi range beares marks of the ancient icing with typical glacial forms – colourful karren and trough valleys. The mountainous slopes are covered by impenetrable secular virgin forests, where coniferous species prevail.
Opposite Chornohora, in the south direction, the Rakhiv mountains are located – spurs of Maramoroskyi crystalline massif. Here, the reserved area of the same name is found, which is crowned by the Pip-Ivan-Maramoroskyi mountain (1940 m a.s.l.). The massif is made from the solid crystalline rocks: gneisses, micaceous and quartz schists etc. The geological composition stipulates the unique relief of this area, typical features of which are deep inter-mountainous valleys, glacial cirques, numerous rocky ridges and summits. Such classical alpine relief is not represented anywhere else in the territory of the Ukrainian Carpathians. Not without reason this typical nook of the Ukrainian Carpathians is called the Hutsul Alps.
The highest part of Svydovets with the Blyznytsa summits is included to the Svydovets protected massif. Close by the upland areas, where gigantic steep rocks are towering over the glacial cirques and karren, considerable massifs of virgin forests, which are characterized by the large diversity of flora and fauna, are represented in this territory. According to the popularity scale in tourist circles, this district gives up it’s place in the Ukrainian Carpathians only to Chornohora. The adornment of Svydovets – the legendary Blyznytsi and growing over there edelweisses, attract thousands of tourists annually. Their main outpost is not the less famous shelter “Drahobrat”, the name of which is borrowed from the summit, located close by and known even for travellers-beginners. The mountain Drahobrat is a unique phenomena for the Carpathian region. Owing to natural peculiarities, this place is perfect for the creation of a large tourist complex. Within the whole year round, here exist wonderful conditions for going in for various kinds of active rest. In winter, this is the mountain-skiing and skiing sport, in summer – mountain, walking and cycle tourism, and even, extreme tourism.
In the south spurs of Svydovets range, Kuziy-Svydovets protected massif is located. One of its sites – “Kuziy” stow, is distinguished by its specific scenic view. It is surrounded from all sides by steep mountains with the prevailing summits Kympa (1091 m a.s.l.) and Polianskyi (1094 m a.s.l.). The mountainous slopes, covered by secular virgin forests, with the dominant oak and beech forests, are cut by the steep rocky ridge of the Jurassic limestones. Here, on separate rocky outlets, habitats of the common yew (Taxus baccata) – a relict plant, which came down to us from ancient periods, are found. Besides natural values, this territory represents considerable historical interest too. Within a long period, the hunting country house of the Austro-Hungarian monarch family of Gabbsburgs, was located just here.
Among all protected sites, Uholsko-Shyrokoluzhanskyi massif is especially distinguished. It is the largest habitat of beech virgin forests in Europe. Its southern part is located in the Pennine zone of cliffs, for which is typical the availability of big blocks of limestones with the well-developed karst. The various underground karst objects: caves, grottos, mines, wells etc. are represented here. More than thirty of them are just in the territory of the protected massif. Among them is the largest cave of the Ukrainian Carpathians – “Druzhba”/Friendship/, the total length of its passages makes nearly one kilometer. The late-paleolith stand of the primitive man, which is of great scientific value, was found in the cave “Molochnyi Kamin” /Milky stone/. Among the overground limestone formations stands out the unique natural bridge, known under the title of Stone bridge, or Karst. The original geomorphological formations – limestone rocks, with the altitude of above seventy meters, are typical for the massif’s territory. The considerable richness of massif’s inanimate nature is supplemented with large diversity of living objects. Many rare, relict and endemic animals and plants are represented in this territory, side by side with virgin forests. Special attention deserve various fauna of troglobionts and calcicolous flora, and also one of the largest in the Carpathians growing sites of the common yew (Taxus baccata). This territory is also rich in notable cultural and historical monuments.
One of the Zakarpattya pearls – the famous “Valley of Narcissi” is found in the middle of Khust-Solotvynska valley, in the ancient terrace of the Tysa river. This small site in the flood-plain of the Khustets river is a unique botanical object, in which the last in Europe flat habitat of Narcissus angustifoliate (Narcissus angustifolius) is protected. This Middle European species is spread in upland areas of the Alpes, the Balkans and the Carpathians. Its flat population, is growing here from the postglacial period and has a relict character. It is preserved only at this place. Besides the great scientific significance, the “Valley of Narcissi” is of considerable aesthetic value. In the period of mass blossoming the “Valley” is covered with a continuous white carpet of flowering narcissi, to delight in which come tourists from everywhere.
The volcanic Carpathians are represented in the Carpathian biosphere reserve by two small preserves “Chorna hora” /Black mountain/ and “Yulivska hora”/Yulivska mountain/, which got their names from summits of the Hutyn range of the same name. The vegetation of these massifs is formed by unique for the Ukrainian Carpathians stands of durmast oak (Quercus petraea), Quercus polycarpa, Quercus dalachampi, Quercus cerris. Here are also found the following heat-loving species: Sorbus torminalis, Tilia argentea, Ligustrum vulgare, woodland grape (Vitis silvestris).
A number of rare animals of the Mediterranean nature is spread only in these massifs of the reserve. Owing to the close location of many settlements, in particular the town of Vynohradiv, these habitats of wild nature have great recreational value.
The informative ecological-training and historical-cultural center – Museum of Mountains Ecology and History of Nature Use in the Ukrainian Carpathians, was established in the Carpathian biosphere reserve. Its activity is directed to conserve natural and cultural heritage of the region. The territory of the CBR is of special significance for the preservation of culture of the Ukrainian mountain-dwellers – Hutsuls, Boiky and Lemky. Today, separate elements of the local use of nature, for example, upland dairy sheep breeding and related crafts and traditions, are of the unique nature for Europe.
whole network of ecological tourist trials exists in the Carpathian Biosphere
Reserve. They go though the most interesting and attractive protected areas.
Great number of natural, cultural and historical sites are located within
them. Herewith we give you a brief description of the most interesting ones.
1. Ecological tourist trial “To the Falcon Rock”
tourist trial “Beech virgin forests of Mala Uholka”
tourist trial “Beech virgin forests of Velyka Uholka”
4. Ecological tourist trial “Through Keveliv virgin forests to Petros Mountain”
5. Ecological tourist trial “Through Chornohora virgin forests to Hoverla Mountain”
For further information concerning eco-tours organizing see the web-page of the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve.
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