evaluation of UNESCO’s experts
the 50th anniversary of Ukraine’s membership in UNESCO,
an international conference was held in Rakhiv. The main subject discussed
during the conference was “Optimization
of borders and strengthening activities in the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve”. UNESCO organized this scientific meeting in co-operation with the
national UNESCO MAB committee of Ukraine, the National UNESCO committee, the
Ministry for Environmental Protection of Ukraine, the State Service for Nature
Protection, and the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve. The CBR was included into the
UNESCO network in 1993.
the first day of the conference participants got acquainted with natural
beauties and the activity of the CBR. They also learned about its co-operation
with the local authorities and with the population of the area.
concept for biosphere reserves, adopted by UNESCO, and the Seville Strategy
state that every biosphere reserve has to fulfill three indivisible functions. First
of all, they
have to preserve
genetic resources, species, ecosystems, and landscapes. Secondly,
biosphere reserves are aimed to support the sustainable development in the area
of their location. And, at last, their task is to provide all the needed supply
for demonstrative projects, ecological education and training, for the research
and monitoring, and also to decide the problems of sustainable development and
nature protection on both national and worldwide levels.
the biosphere reserves serve as a tool for the intergovernmental scientific
UNESCO program “Man and Biosphere”. One of the most important tasks for them
is to gain balance between the two contradictory goals: the conservation of
biodiversity and fulfillment of the local population’s needs. It is worth
mentioning that a man is regarded as a part of biosphere, that’s why it is
incredibly important to evaluate the influence of people’s activity upon the
ecosystems, and to harmonize relationships between men and nature.
same day the participants visited the Center of Europe, where the ecological and
cultural complex is being constructed. They also followed the route to the
Falcon Rock in the Kuziy-Svydovets forestry.
meeting of the conference began the next day in the assembly hall of the
District State Administration. The director of the CBR Dr. Fedir Hamor spoke the
head of the Regional Administration Mr. Hulyanych, the head of the Rakhiv
District Administration Yuriy Kabal’, the expert for MAB UNESCO Jane Robertson
Vernhes, the member of the MAB committee Olexandr Maznychenko, the director of
the Botany Institute named after M. Kholodnyi, Prof. Didukh, and others greeted
the participants of the conference delivered their speeches. The head of the
State Service of nature protection H. Parchuk spoke about the development of the
biosphere reserves in the context of the Seville strategy. The member of the
National Ukrainian MAB Committee Jacob Didukh spoke on the topic “The
conditions and perspective of the development of the Ukrainian network of
biosphere reserves”. “Ways of improvement of the forest management in the
area of the CBR’s location” was the theme of V. Kychura’s speech, who is
the deputy head of the Regional Forestry Department. During the conference the
director of the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve Dr. Fedir Hamor told the
participants, by means of what the CBR fulfills the three functions set for
biosphere reserves, that is the conservation of biodiversity, sustainable
development and the logistic function. The report about “The experience of
co-operation between bodies of local government and the CBR, aimed to decide the
problems of local population” was made by the head of the District Council
Mykola Berkela. The
a geographer from the
University named after Ivan Franko, Mr. Yuriy Zin’ko made a report on the
extension of boundaries and improvement of the CBR’s activity. A scientist
from the Research Institute named after P.Pasternak, Prof. Parpan spoke on the
topic “The role of the CBR in research work and monitoring”.
The deputy head of the Regional Department on
tourist’s issues Mr. Shaban delivered a speech on the theme “The role of the
CBR in the tourism’s development”.
The perspective action
plan was drawn by the deputy director
of the CBR on the
the Candidate of sciences Mr. Dmytro Sukharyuk..
Professor from the Botany Institute Tetyana Andrienko and the representative of
the Romanian delegation, the head of the Ecological Union of the Maramorosh
area, Mr. Philip Moisei told
the auditory about the perspective of creation of the Ukrainian-Romanian transboundary biosphere reserve “The
scientists made reports at the conference,
all in all.
The conference was highly estimated by an expert from UNESCO
Secretariat Jane Robertson Vernhes, by the UNESCO expert on transboundary
biosphere reserves Juliet Fall, and by the representative of American Embassy in
Ukraine Michel Van Rayan. They made some comments and gave several suggestions
as for the development of nature protection in Ukraine.
participants of the conference visited the Museum of Mountains’ Ecology, which
is situated in one of the CBR’s administration buildings. They also learned
much about the history of nature management in the Ukrainian Carpathians.
the results of this conference will be fruitful and will contribute much to the
sustainable development of the region.